What is Semaglutide?
Semaglutide is in a class of medications known as GLP-1 receptor agonists. It helps lower blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes by stimulating the release of insulin when blood sugar is high. It also suppresses appetite and slows digestion, which can lead to weight loss. Semaglutide is injected under the skin, typically once weekly. The brand names for semaglutide injections are Ozempic, Rybelsus, and Wegovy.
The Chemistry of Semaglutide
The active ingredient in semaglutide is a compound called semaglutide peptide. It has a similar chemical structure to the hormone GLP-1. GLP-1 is short for glucagon-like peptide-1, which is produced in the body naturally. Semaglutide is considered a GLP-1 analog because it closely mimics the effects of naturally occurring GLP-1 in the body. However, semaglutide has been chemically modified to be more potent and have a longer duration of action than native GLP-1.